Shoulder arthritis

The shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint), is the most mobile joint of the human body and it allows the arm to move in all directions required for the activities of daily living. It is formed by the head (ball) of the humerus on the one side, and glenoid (socket) on the...

Pectoralis Major Rupture

Pectoralis major tendon rupture The pectoralis major muscle is a large muscle that arises from the chest wall and inserts onto the shoulder. It consists of 2 parts: the clavicular and sternal heads. (See attached image). It is an important muscle for normal shoulder...

Shoulder dislocations

The shoulder joint has a unique design allowing movement in all directions as required for normal upper limb function. Unfortunately, she shallow nature of the joint makes it susceptible to dislocate. There are various ligaments blended into the shoulder capsule...

Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) is a common cause of shoulder pain and prolonged shoulder stiffness. It starts with inflammation of the inner lining of the joint which is very painful. This is followed by the formation of scar tissue within the joint capsule...

Rotator cuff tears

A rotator cuff is a group of 4 muscles (see image) in the shoulder that is important in shoulder function. Each muscle has a tendon at its end that inserts into bone (the head of the humerus). It is at these tendon insertions that tears normally occur. A rotator cuff...